Research paradigms and Disciplines
There are many different research methods but it is important to only to do them when they appropriate. Some may need adapted to ensure they work in the correct context.
Research methods help us collect the data so we can support the evidence to collect our claims.
Ontology is the study of being. This particularly came from the philosopher Plato.
Epistemology is the study of knowledge, truth, knowledge and belief.
The most common method is the scientific method. Making sense through research. We all sense the same things so the experience is empirical and the assentation of knowledge makes the research.
The scientific method requires a hypothesis. The explanation will be inductive.
These methods collect data to provide evidence. There will be many categories of data, nominal, ordinal and interval, even ratio. These are the different headings of the collection process.
This leads us back to quantitative methods, numerical, which is variable way of measuring something with a numerical value.
Independent variable can be classed the cause, dependent variable is the effect. Quantitative examples can be questionnaires, measuring respondent’s opinions. Experiments measuring people’s ability and opinion.
Questionnaires – identify existing and modify. It is really easy to construct a bad questionnaire. Advice is to look at books on how to construct these.
Questions should seek answers. Open ended question would probably not be included in the scientific method.
How will a questionnaire benefit this research?
Qualitative research – calculating peoples response to the project. The research
Grounded theory – a notion where the measurements of incidents and peoples response to things. Find areas of consensus and develop the conclusion from observation. TO DEVELOP A THEORY FOR A SHARED HUMAN EXPERIENCE.
Ethnography – human experiences in groups, ethnographic approaches.
Phenomenology – peoples experiences of consciousness. The in-depth experience of a particular phenomenon.
Immersion is a key characteristic of qualitative research.
Searching for the theme. The theme of live performance and the experience that it creates.
Intersubjectivity and holistic overview of the topic.
Holistic statement – LOOK THIS IN BLACKBOARD.
The social science method are inductive, the research will explore people experience
The dissertation is the story of your project. The ‘what I’m I about to do is my proposal. It’s important to think about what you want to be telling the people who are reading the proposal.
Project aim is the big idea
What it involves is the project objectives
Writing in your own words and tonally is good advice to sound enthusiastic, making the project true to you. Convincing someone emotionally and intellectually.
Trying to capture the essence of the project in 300 to 500 words. The reader should come away wit all the important detail from reading the abstract. The abstract should convince the reader to read the rest of the proposal.
Cover the details of the intro
Cover the methodology
Cover the conclusion
Cover the research.
Extract the essence and then distil it down to concentrated essence to the abstract. (Get the jest, sum down into a paragraph).
Aim – the big idea behind the project.
Objectives – The skills necessary to carry out the project. These could be the objective headings
Research and analysis
Execute the project
Evaluate and analysis
Breaking down further to TASKS
- What do you do to demonstrate successful completion of the objectives?
What are the recognised results and what they look like.
What sort of evidence can I submit to show successful completion of the tasks?
These could be mind mapped to get a list of what they look like.
Transcripts of interviews
Think broadly from collecting receipts, possibility of filming.
Recording of interviews
Literature review - The aim of a literature review is to show your reader (your tutor) that you have read, and have a good grasp of, the main published work concerning a particular topic or question in your field. This work may be in any format, including online sources.
Methodology – how and why, do not define what the project is; be descriptive on what you are going to do.
What will the measurements are to tell me the projects have been worthwhile.